Explaining Drug Addiction
That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. It's also easy to relapse back into drug addiction. Relapse is the reoccurrence to drug use after an endeavour to stop.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. However, the mental strength to decide whether to use drugs or not is eroded with time. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. The parts of the brain that control reward and motivation, learning and memory, and self control are all significantly affected by addiction.
Addiction influences both behaviour and the brain.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
It isn't easy, but, yes, drug addiction is treatable. It is not possible for people to overcome drug addiction simply by abstaining from drug use for some days, because drug addiction is chronic. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
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The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include
- desist from drug use
- Remaining clean
- achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- There is no one treatment that will work for everyone.
- Individuals must be able to access treatment quickly.
- To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
- Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
- The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
- Treatment doesn't require being voluntary to be successful.
- When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
- People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
Different steps are involved in effective treatments
- Detoxification (the way a body is cleaned of toxins and drug residue)
- Therapy or counselling
- treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
- evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
- Avoiding relapse by providing long term follow up care
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Often, community or family based recovery groups or support systems are used as part of follow up care.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
- Withdrawal During the detoxification process, medication helps suppress the physical reactions. Detoxification is only an initial stage in the process; it is not a "treatment" on its own. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention A patient can make use of medication to assist in re-establishing normal brain function and reducing cravings. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Researchers are creating different solutions to manage stimulant (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana) dependence It's really common for addicts to use more than one drug and they will need treatment for each substance.
What About Behavioural Therapies And Drug Addiction
Patients are helped by behavioural therapy with
- Change their behaviour toward and the way the think about their drug use
- increase wholesome life skills
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
The settings upon which patents can access their treatments and the approaches used varies.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. The greater parts of the projects include individual or group drug advising, or both.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- Multidimensional family treatment created for young people with drug abuse issues and their families which addresses a scope of impacts on their drug mishandle designs and is intended to enhance general family working
- Motivational interviewing, which takes full advantage of the patient's readiness to change and willingness to enter treatment
- Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
sometimes, intensive treatments that involve several outpatient sessions every week is given at first. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Residential treatment setting samples
- Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. Everybody at the facility, whether caregivers or administrators and fellow patients play a role in the recovery of the patient helping them cope with the changes and challenges of withdrawal.
- Also available are short blood cleansing programmes offered at the residential facilities to rid the body of drugs and set the foundation for a longer treatment programme.
- Short term, supervised housing for patients called recovery housing is sometimes utilized after residential treatment. Recovery housing is a great way to help people treatment go back to having an independent life while still having support with things like managing finances, finding employment, and locating support services.
Coping With Joining The Community
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.